|will I grow out of it?|
Speech and Language
Development - Milestones
Speech Delay - Warning Signs
|age 2 to 3 years
- combines words in 2-3 word
sentences such as "me do it"
- follows simple directions e.g. "put
the teddy-bear to bed"
- answers simple questions e.g. "what's
your name?", "which one is the big doll?"
- can put a toy "in", "on",
"under" when asked
- answers simple questions about
objects e.g. "which one do we eat with?"
- does your child show
frustration when trying to talk?
- do you have difficulty
understanding your child's speech?
- does your child put 2 words
2 -2 1/2 years
- Your child should begin to
identify pictures in place of the actual object. If you have a book or some
pictures of words she uses (i.e. ball, cup, spoon, etc.) you can ask her to
identify them. You can also see if she can match two pictures that are alike and
knows when they are different.
- Expose your child to different
surroundings and the vocabulary that would be used in them. Take walks, go
shopping, plant a garden, have a picnic, clean the house or yard together, etc.
Talk about the new situations before they happen, while they are happening, and
when you are done.
- At this age it is fun to begin
imitating sounds of objects and animals with your child. Bark like dogs, chirp
like birds, make fire engine noises, etc.
- Ask your child lots of
questions to stimulate his thought and language. When he is telling you about
things he is doing praise him for his efforts in communicating.
- Some additional speech and
language your child should be exhibiting are as follows:
- uses two word combinations
- uses pronouns - 'my', 'mine',
'you' and 'me'.
- refers to self by name
- uses negative phrases such as "not
go", "no want", etc.
- stays with an activity for 6-7
- builds a small tower with
- carries on a conversation with
dolls and self
2 1/2 - 3 years
- When playing with blocks or
other objects, she should be able to understand the concept of one. If she has 6
blocks and you ask her for one, she should be able to hand you just one block.
- At this age, you should begin
introducing your child to 'big' and 'little'. While playing with him, have
several different sizes of blocks and ask him for a little one or a big one.
- Playing a simple memory game
with your child is good at this age. She should be able to remember two digits
or letters. You say two numbers, i.e. 2 and 5 and see if she can repeat them
- Your child should understand
the use of objects. Ask him, "What do we use to comb our hair?, drink our
milk?, cut with?, etc.
- Other speech and language
characteristics your child should exhibit:
- Uses two - three word
- Repeats simple sentences
- Follows simple commands (Put
the blocks in the box.)
- Should be articulating
consonants more clearly (b, k, d, f, g, etc.)
age 3 to
Development and Milestones - Index
Early detection of difficulties
at any age can make learning to talk easier. If your child shows any of
the warning signs listed for his or her age group, please contact the
Speech-Language Pathologist at your Local Health Unit for more information.