|will I grow out of it?|
Speech and Language
Development - Milestones
Speech Delay - Warning Signs
|age 4 to 5
- follows 3 related directions
such as "get your crayons, make a picture and give it to the baby"
- speaks sounds accurately except
perhaps for l, r, s, k, th, ch, sh (The 'r', 'l', and 'y' (as in yellow)
are difficult and can come as late as 8 years old)
- more reasoning - answers
questions such as "What do you do when you are sleepy/thirsty?" or "What
should you do if you hurt yourself?"
- describes objects and events
- can show you "top", "bottom",
and several colors
- can give meanings of words
- does your child not use
- does your child stutter?
- does your child not seem to be
able to follow directions?
4 - 4 1/2 years
Your child should be able to do the
- Recognize colors. Play "I
Spy" to help develop this concept. "I Spy something in the room
that is green", then let your child "spy" something and you
- Distinguish with differences.
Play a game while riding in the car. Which one is heavier...a bird or a cow?
Also do the opposite...Which one is lighter...a mommy or a baby?
- Should be able to repeat four
digits. Say 3-4-2-5 and let your child repeat that back. Then try four
different digits and repeat, etc.
- A child should begin to learn
opposites. Ask "Brother is a boy, sister is a ?", "In
daytime it is light, at night it is ?"
- A child should begin to
comprehend the senses. What do you do with your eyes? your ears? your nose?
- Your child should be able to
comprehend remote events. Ask them "What do you do when you have lost
something", "What do you do before you cross the street?",
4 1/2 - 5 years
- Comprehends right and left. Ask
your child to show their hands and then place them on their head. Now ask
which is the right hand?, the left?
- A child should be able to
repeat taps or claps. Say "Can you do this..." tap the table twice
with your hand...tap four times...tap three times, etc.
- When shown a group of pictures
your child should be able to identify them by action..."Which one swims
in water?", "Which one tells time?", etc.
- Children at this age should be
able to point to all major body parts...head, arm, thumb, hand, knee, heel,
chin, eyebrow, little finger, elbow, wrist, ankle, etc. One fun way of
seeing if they understand the body parts is to play "Simon Says".
"Simon says raise your arms"..."Wave your hand" (if your
child waves then you can say "Oh Oh! Simon didn't say...").
- Your child should now be able
to identify coins. When coins are laid out in front of them, they should be
able to point to the nickel, penny, quarter, and dime.
- A child should be able to name
the common animals at this age. Sing "Old MacDonald" to identify
farm animals. Pretend you are going to a zoo and ask what animals you might
Development and Milestones - Index
Early detection of difficulties
at any age can make learning to talk easier. If your child shows any of
the warning signs listed for his or her age group, please contact the
Speech-Language Pathologist at your Local Health Unit for more information.